Sample Ballot Paper. PHOTO: COURTESY (http://www.iebc.or.ke)

The Constitution assures every citizen the right to free, fair and regular elections based on universal suffrage and the free expression of the will of the electors for—

(a) any elective public body or office established under this Constitution; or (b) any office of any political party of which the citizen is a member.

To enjoy the political right of vying for an elective post, one must be nominated by a registered political party or apply for nomination as an independent candidate. 

A person qualifies to be nominated as an independent candidate for presidential, parliamentary and county elections for the purposes of Articles 97, 98, 137, 177, and 180 of the Constitution if that person—

a. has not been a member of any political party for at least three months preceding the date of the election;

b. has submitted to the Commission on the day appointed by the Commission as the nomination day, a duly filled nomination paper as the Commission may prescribe;

c. has submitted the symbol that the person intends to use during the election; and

d. is selected in the manner provided for in the Constitution and as may be prescribed by the Commission.

And independent candidate will also be to present a symbol for approval with the electoral management body.

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